Narrative text: Pengertian, Struktur, Generic Structure dan Contoh

Share on facebook
Share on whatsapp
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email

narrative text

Ada banyak materi dalam bahasa Inggris yang kamu harus kuasai di luar grammar. Pasalnya, bahasa Inggris tidak hanya bicara tentang tata bahasa saja lho. Ada beberapa kemampuan bahasa yang harus kamu kuasai agar bisa menggunakan bahasa Inggris dengan baik dan benar.

Beberapa kemampuan bahasa yang dimaksud adalah kemampuan membaca, menulis, menyimak dan berbicara. Tentu untuk bisa menguasai kemampuan-kemampuan tersebut kamu harus banyak latihan. Nah, dari kemampuan yang paling mendasar, kamu harus bisa melatih kemampuan membacamu dengan baik.

Caranya adalah dengan banyak membaca text dalam bahasa Inggris. Tentu saja dalam bahasa Inggris ada beragam jenis teks. Mulai dari teks prosedur, teks laporan sampai ke teks naratif. Kali ini kamu akan mempelajari tentang teks naratif dalam bahasa Inggris atau narrative text.

Pengertian Narrative Text

Salah satu hal yang sering kamu temui adalah cerita. Baik itu cerita yang kamu dengar dari orang tuamu, temanmu, atau kamu baca sendiri di internet, buku, dan lain-lain. Cerita pada dasarnya merupakan bentuk dari narrative text. Tapi apa ya sebenarnya narrative text itu?

Narrative text merupakan salah satu contoh teks bahasa Inggris dari 13 jenis teks lainnya yang merupakan cerita atau karangan imajinatif yang memiliki tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca atau pendengarnya. Biasanya narrative text dalam bahasa Inggris bisa berupa cerita fiksi, cerita nonfiksi, fabel, folktales (cerita rakyat), fairy tales (dongeng), mitos, legend (legenda), dan bentuk-bentuk cerita lainnya. Sederhananya, narrative text adalah sebuah teks yang berbentuk cerita.

Ciri-ciri Narrative Text

Untuk bisa membedakan dengan 12 jenis teks bahasa Inggris lainnya, narrative text memiliki ciri-ciri yang bisa kamu ketahui, yaitu sebagai berikut:

  • Kejadian dalam cerita dinarasikan dalam sudut pandang narrator yang bisa menceritakan kisah melalui sudut pandang orang pertama, orang kedua atau orang ketiga.
  • Cerita pada narrative text bisa berupa kisah nyata atau kisah fiktif.
  • Peristiwa dalam cerita terjadi pada tempat dan waktu tertentu.
  • Terdapat beberapa karakter yang bervariasi, misalnya karakter utama yang merasakan langsung peristiwa dalam cerita, atau karakter sekunder yang memiliki dampak yang kecil pada terjadinya peristiwa.
  • Memiliki tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca dan pendengar.
  • Memiliki struktur pengenalan, pertengahan dan akhiran.
  • Menggunakan kalimat past tense.
  • Menggunakan adverb of time, misalnya, “once upon a time” atau “one day”.
  • Menggunakan konjungsi waktu, “when”, “then”, “suddenly” dan lain-lain.
  • Menggunakan action verbs, “walked”, “dug” dan lain-lain.
  • Menggunakan direct speech (Rapunzel said, “I am Rapunzel.)

Baca Juga: 13 Jenis Teks dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contohnya

Generic Structure of Narrative Text

Setiap teks memiliki struktur tersendiri, termasuk narrative text. Nah, berikut adalah struktur dari narrative text:

  • Orientation: Bagian ini adalah bagian paragraph pembuka yang isinya adalah perkenalan karakter yang ada dalam cerita.
  • Complication: Bagian complication adalah bagian masalah dari cerita berkembang, atau karakter yang ada dalam cerita menghadapi masalah.
  • Resolution: Bagian resolution adalah bagian masalah dan konflik yang dihadapi oleh karakter dalam cerita teratasi.
  • Coda atau Reorientation: Bagian coda atau reorientation adalah bagian perkenalan kembali terhadap situasi karakter setelah konfliknya selesai. Biasanya pada bagian ini terdapat pembelajaran dari cerita yang disajikan. Bagian ini bersifat opsional, sehingga keberadaan coda atau reorientation tidak harus ada.

narrative text

Contoh Narrative Text Singkat

Berikut adalah contoh narrative text dalam bahasa Inggris

True Friends

Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.

The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend.”

Fox and Cat

One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. ‘Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,’ she said.

‘I know only one trick to get away from dogs,’ said the cat. ‘You should teach me some of yours!’

‘Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones,’ replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. ‘This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know,’ said the cat. ‘Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?’

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

The Ant and the Dove

One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.

She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.

Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.

Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.

The morality: One good turn deserves another.

Snow White

Once upon a time, there lived a little, named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle because her parents died.

One day she heard her aunt and uncle talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White with them.

Snow White didn’t want her uncle and aunt to do this. So she decided to run away. The next morning she run away from home when her aunt and uncle were having breakfast, she run away into the wood.

In the wood, she felt exhausted and hungry. Then she saw this cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Meanwhile, seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There, they found Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said; “What is your name?”. Snow White said; “My name is Snow White”. One of the dwarfs said; “If you wish, you may live here with us”. Snow White told the whole story about her. Then Snow White ad the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.


Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her stepmother and two step sisters.

The stepmother and sisters were conceited and bad-tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her stepmother made Cinderella do the hardest work in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan, and preparing the food for the family. The two step sisters, on the other hand, did not work on the house. Their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.

One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the king’s son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.

“Why are you crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her, “because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well,” said the godmother, ”you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.

Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s ragged dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now, Cinderella”, she said; “You must leave before midnight”. Then away she drove in her beautiful coach.

Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’s son. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slippers was left behind.

A few days later, the king’s son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page lets Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.
Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and lived happily ever after.

Itulah penjelasan mengenai narrative text yang bisa membantumu dalam menguasai kemampuan membaca dalam bahasa Inggris. Ingat, kamu harus sering latihan bahasa Inggris agar semakin lancar.

Kalau pun kamu merasa ingin tahu lebih lanjut tentang bahasa Inggris dan membutuhkan tutor yang akan membimbingmu, kamu bisa belajar bahasa Inggris di tempat kursus bahasa Inggris online terbaik bersama Fluentz dan guru-guru yang asik. Di sana juga ada banyak pilihan program yang sesuai d engan kebutuhan kamu.


British Course. 2017. Narrative Text (Complete Explanation). (online) [diakses pada 9 April 2023]

Exampleslab. ND. Examples of Narrative Texts. (online) [diakses pada 9 April 2023]

British Course. 2017. Narrative text; Definitions, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features (online) [diakses pada 9 April 2023]

Fluentz perfect for online courses and other institutes. It’s a complete solution with lms features and functionalities.

Contact Us

STC Senayan Lantai 2 Ruang 89 Jalan Asia Afrika Pintu IX Gelora Senayan, Jakarta Pusat 10270.



Chat Sekarang
Hari ini sedang ada Promo bonus sampai 5 sesi! Yuk, langsung chat Mimintz 😎